• Multidimensional Poverty in Pakistan
    Jun 20, 2016

    In accordance with the Government's commitment to eradicate poverty, this report presents Pakistan's first national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) based on the Alkire- Foster methodology. It has three dimensions: education, health and living standards. To tailor the measure to Pakistan's context and public policy priorities, 15 indicators were used for this national measure, instead of the 10 employed for the global measure. Within these 15 indicators, three indicators are included under the dimension of education (years of schooling, child school attendance, and educational quality), four under health (access to health facilities/clinics/Basic Health Units (BHU), immunisation, ante-natal care, and assisted delivery) and eight under living standards (water, sanitation, walls, overcrowding, electricity, cooking fuel, assets, and a land/livestock indicator specifically for rural areas). Each of the three dimensions carries an equal weight of 1/3 of the MPI. The weights of the component indicators within each dimension are equal unless another justification is provided, as outlined in Section 2.1.3. Overall, a person must be deprived in 1/3 of these weighted indicators to be identified as multidimensionally poor.

  • Development Advocate Pakistan: Volume 3, Issue 3

    Public service has remained key to the achievement of national economic and social goals across the world. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that capable and motivated bureaucracy has played an instrumental role in economic growth and overall prosperity. The way Britain became a dominant economy in the 18th century, especially militarily, is attributed to its competent and efficient public administration to raise taxes. The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also recognizes the important role that state institutions play to achieve these goals. Goal 16 of the SDGs focuses especially on building institutions that are accountable, inclusive and characterized by representative decision making.

  • Development Advocate Pakistan: Volume 3, Issue 2
    Jul 28, 2016

    Escaping the Inequality Trap: One of the world's great achievements of the past decades is the significant fall in global poverty. Between 1990 and 2012 the proportion of humanity living under USD 1.90 a day fell by more than one billion people, driven in a large part by China's efforts. Despite this tremendous achievement, income inequality has increased both within and across countries. Today, 16 percent of the global population earns 55 percent of its income, while 72 percent of the world's poor account for just over one percent of wealth.

  • Development Advocate Pakistan: Volume 3, Issue 1
    Apr 26, 2016

    The world continues to confront significant threats from extremist groups resorting to violent means to advance their agenda–be it ideological, religious or political. The kidnapping of school girls, the brutal murder of innocent civilians or the bombing of cultural and religious places are used by extremists to terrorize, expand their grip on territory, control resources and illegal trade or compel states in adopting some of their agendas.

  • Development Advocate Pakistan - Volume 2, Issue 3
    Dec 27, 2015

    Integration of FATA: now is the time - The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are at the forefront of public attention and this time for mostly good reasons. The ongoing military operation has delivered against violent groups contributing to a substantial reduction of violence in the country during the last year – up to 50% according to data from the Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies. Internal displacement caused by the operation swelled to 302 thousand families but since then 36% have returned home and more are expected soon.