6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?

Overall progress and challenges on Pakistan’s MDGs

Pakistan has adopted 16 targets and 41 indicators against which progress towards achieving the Eight Goals of the MDG’s is measured. Time series data available for 33 of these indicators reveal that Pakistan is on track to achieve the targets on 9 indicators, whereas its progress on 24 indicators is off track.


Goal 8 envisages fostering cooperation at the bilateral and multilateral level for attaining the MDGs in resource constrained countries like Pakistan. Donor government agency’s provisions of Official Development Assistance (ODA) at 0.25 percent, has fallen short of their commitment of 0.7% of their GDP. Pakistan’s current account deficit (almost 5.0 percent of GDP) for an extended period of one decade; rising real cost of borrowing; stagnant exports; and a declining flow of foreign exchange have contributed to an accumulation of external debt in the 1990s. A major contribution to the increase in stock of outstanding debt has stemmed from the financing provided by the IMF Standby Agreement. The debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services increased from 14.4 percent in 1990-91 to 28.5 percent in 2010-11.

Targets relating to connectivity have shown remarkable improvement as teledensity of cellular phones reached to 68% while total teledensity, at 72% by March 2013. The total number of broadband subscribers has touched the 2.5 million mark. Total number of telephone subscribers (both fixed line and cellular) was 128.1 million, including 122.1 million subscribing to cellular phones. Total number of broadband subscribers is 2.51 million. Source: Planning Commission Annual Work plan 2013-14 and NMDG repot 2010

UNDP's work in Pakistan

  • Riffat Rehmani, presiding officer for the general elections, takes part in training of polling staff for presiding and assistant presiding officers. Photo: UNDP Pakistan/Torsum Khan

    Women Presiding Officers Prepare for the General Elections

    "These elections are crucial for Pakistan's democracy. We will perform our duties honestly and with utmost determination. I hope the caretaker government supports us on 11 Maymore

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population