Strengthening Electoral and Legislative Processes
What is the Project About?
UNDP’s Strengthening Electoral and Legislative Processes project seeks to develop more inclusive, and accountable governance institutions, systems and processes. It improves the supply side of governance by enhancing the capacity of the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP), the Senate and Provincial Assemblies of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Balochistan. Moreover, it supports the demand side by developing the capacity of civil society in advocacy and civic engagement. Increasing the representation of women, youth, and minorities informs all aspects of programming.
The two main activity strands are to provide support to the ECP, and strengthening the legislative institutions. The Project is structured around two key strands: Electoral Cycle Support to the Election Commission of Pakistan and Strengthening Legislative Institutions.
UNDP’s project is based on the concept of the electoral cycle which addresses both one-off and resource-intensive election support and capacity development for democratic institutions based on a longer-term development agenda within the broader context of democratic governance. This approach therefore emphasizes institutional capacity building for the ECP, and other governance institutions; encourages sustainable electoral policies and the participation of traditionally disadvantaged groups. Of particular importance to post-election period, the electoral cycle approach promotes stability and accounts for the critical post-electoral phase which sets the stage for the next election thereby strengthening the democratic process. These include developing the ECP’s capacity in accordance with current (5) Five Year Strategic Plan (2014–18); advocacy and implementation of electoral reforms; and civic and voter education campaigns, particularly for women and youth. The strategic “post-electoral” period strengthens the institutional mechanisms for elections, such as voters’ list updates and audits, and re-evaluates policies which then feed into the next election.
Apart from its support to ECP, the project seeks to strengthen the core functions of the Senate of Pakistan and the two Provincial Assemblies of KP and Balochistan by providing support to Parliamentary committees, developing the capacity of the Members and Secretariat staff, improving linkages with the public. The project also technically assists to effectively and proactively oversee the country’s progress on development goals closely working through SDGs Taskforces and Women’s Parliamentary Caucuses.
What Have We Accomplished So Far
- Supported ECP in developing its (5) Five Years Strategic Plan, with a strategic goal to strengthen the role of women in electoral processes.
- In anticipation of General Elections 2018, developed, procured, and implemented, with support from ECP, the Results Management System (RMS) and Results Transmission System (RTS) in 2013 Elections and following by-elections to help improve accuracy and transparency in compiling election results.
- Designed and established a Geographic Information System (GIS) polling scheme by GIS-mapping of over 70,860 polling stations nationwide.
- A voter education campaign before the 2013 General Election reached 40 million people.
- During 2016, directly engaged over 139,934 people for civic and voter education through local Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and registered 30,711 NICs through direct facilitation.
- Collaborated with United Nations Volunteers (UNVs) to directly engage over 16,100 youth for civic education.
- Supported ECP in developing its ‘Women’s National Identity Card (NIC) and Voter Registration Campaign’ Strategy for 2018 General Elections.
- Working in partnership with CSO, Trust for Democratic Education and Accountability (TDEA) to implement ECP’s ‘Women’s NIC and Voter Registration Campaign’ with a target to reach over (5) five million women for voter education and further register 800,000 women NICs.
- Organized consensus building forums on Electoral Reforms in all four provinces in 2017 and forwarded the recommendations received to Parliamentary Committee on Electoral Reforms.
- Commissioned 18 research studies in 2016 to support Parliamentary institutions.
- Commissioned seven studies on Legislative Gap Analysis on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Islamabad, KP and Balochistan.
- Established Women’s Parliamentary Caucuses in the National and Provincial Assemblies.
- Established SDG Task Forces in all four Provincial assemblies.
- Trained over 800 legislators on rules of procedure, budget analysis, legislative drafting committee system etc.
- Supported Senate in developing a new Library and Research Services Facility, Bill Tracking system and IT systems.
Who Finances it?
USAID, UKAid, Government of Japan
2018 Annual Budget
$ 15 million