Reducing Risks & Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods

What is the Project About

 Reducing risks & vulnerabilities from glacial lake outburst floods in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and Gilgit-baltistan. Photo: UNDP Pakistan

In Partnership with the Ministry of Climate Change and Pakistan Metrological department, Government of Pakistan, the project seeks to develop the human and technical capacity of public institutions & local communities to understand and address immediate glacial lake outburst flood risks in Gilgit & Chitral District. A glacial lake outburst flood is a type of outburst flood that occurs when the dam containing a glacial lake fails. The dam can consist of glacier ice or a terminal moraine. Failure can happen due to erosion, a buildup of water pressure, an avalanche of rock or heavy snow, an earthquake, volcanic eruptions under the ice, or if a large enough portion of a glacier breaks off and massively displaces the waters in a glacial lake at its base.

What Have We Accomplished So Far

Policy recommendations & institutional strengthening to prevent climate change induced Glacial Lake Outburst Floods events in northern Pakistan:

  • Incorporated Glacial Lake Outburst Floods phenomena as one of the subject in the national climate change policy recently approved by the Government of Pakistan.
  • Study on Capacity Gaps analysis of relevant government and non-government institutions has been conducted to map out need assessment of institutions which are directly engaged in mitigating GLOF disaster risk.

Strengthening Knowledge and Information about Glacial Lake Outburst Floods risks in northern Pakistan:

  • Glacial Lake Outburst Floods awareness raising workshops, knowledge product disseminated to increase awareness of GLOF threats among communities at stake, Non-Governmental Organizations and Government institutions & academia.
  • Risk & Vulnerability assessment along with hazard Mapping completed for both of the pilot sites Bagrote in Gilgit & Bindogol in Chitral respectively.

Demonstration of community-based Glacial Lake Outburst Floods risk management in Vulnerable mountain valleys of northern Pakistan:

  • Two weather observatories installed at both pilot sites in Gilgit & Chitral districts to monitor & record basic met data.
  • Automated weather stations installed at Gilgit and will soon be installed in Chitral to record high altitude Metroogical & hydrological data. This will transmit real time data to Pakistan Met Department which will help in devising an early warning system for the community at large.
  • Community based hazard watch group and disaster management committees are established to monitor and report emerging threats from glacial lake outburst.
  • Engineering structures for mitigating Glacial Lake Outburst Floods risk for the downstream communities designed and costing completed. All of the structure interventions are expected to be completed on ground by Nov 2014.

Who Finances it?

Adaptation Fund and Government of Pakistan

Delivery in 2012

Delivery in previous year was USD $715,000.