Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas
What is the Project About
Under the Framework of the One UN in Pakistan, Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas (RAHA) is a Joint Programme Component within the UN Delivering as One. The inception of RAHA – in 2009 – owes to the presence of three million Afghan refugees in Pakistan in the preceding three decades, resulting in social, economic and environmental consequences. Almost 1.7 million Afghans refugees still remain in Pakistan following their large-scale repatriation in 2002.
RAHA, which is currently being implemented in six districts each of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, as well as Khyber Agency of FATA, is in line with the Government of Pakistan's repatriation strategy for Afghan refugees. The programme was conceived on the basis of two needs assessment studies jointly conducted by UNDP and UNHCR – the administrative and convening agents of the programme, respectively – in the target areas.
This project aims at ensuring peaceful coexistence of Afghan refugees, who are well documented, with the local communities until the situation in Afghanistan becomes conducive to their return. The programme, which also aims at strengthening the Government of Pakistan's governance and public service delivery, has been primarily developed to improve the living standard of more than one million Pakistanis who have hosted or are still hosting Afghan refugees. The specific objectives of the programme include the following:
- Greater social cohesion through community development;
- Improved livelihoods and local economies;
- Restoration of social services and infrastructure;
- Improved social protection for co-existing Pakistani and Afghan communities;
- Restoration and improvement of the environment; and
- Return of IDPs anchored and absorption capacity created by small-scale community-based reintegration initiatives.
What Have We Accomplished So Far
More than 1.5 million people –including a sizeable number of Afghan refugees – have benefitted from various RAHA interventions since the programme’s inception. The key achievements of the programme until June 2013 include the following:
- 32,680 individuals have been organised in the form of 1,634 (1,016 men’s and 618 women’s) community organisations in the target areas through an effective social mobilisation methodology. Forming a community organisation requires three to four consultations with a community; more than 3,000 such consultations/dialogues have been held with the communities by RAHA social mobilisation teams. Community organisations, which generally comprise about 20 households, have been facilitated in identifying and prioritising their most pressing needs at the village level.
- 1,947 community members have been trained in various market-based skills. These skills include plumbing, wood work, bead work, embroidery, beauty treatment, tailoring, auto mechanics and mobile repairing. About 600 of these community members, of whom more than half are women, have initiated income generation schemes due to these trainings.
- 605 government officials have been imparted training in areas such as project cycle management, participatory monitoring and evaluation, conflict resolution, effective communication, disaster risk reduction, and gender mainstreaming. These areas were identified by the government officials through a needs assessment exercise. The training events helped them support and facilitate community initiatives.
- 734 physical projects have been implemented through the communities and government line departments. Of these, 652 are community physical infrastructure projects, including 222 water storage tanks//hand pumps/drinking water supply systems, 149 street pavements, 148 sanitation/drainage systems, 68 solar lights/pumps, 43 irrigation channels and 22 flood protection walls; while the remaining 82 are major infrastructure projects implemented through cluster of community organisations.
- 185 individuals with disabilities have been identified and provided mobility aids and rehabilitative support in consultation with the community organisations.
Who Finances it?
- European Union;
- Government of Japan;
- Government of Germany;
- US State Department; and
- Ministry of States and Frontier Regions, Government of Pakistan
Delivery in Previous Year
Delivery in 2012 was USD $7,314,000.
Photographs of the European Union funded initiatives