We work in collaboration with the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in leading Pakistan’s efforts to build its disaster risk management capacity. The Crisis Prevention and Recovery Unit employs a comprehensive approach to crisis management through policy advocacy and efforts to improve preparedness at the institutional and community levels. It also works with various institutions to develop capacities and systems to improve the coherence, coordination and timeliness of crisis response.
We are strengthening national capacities, including the participation of women, to prevent, reduce, mitigate and cope with the impact of systemic shocks from natural hazards. We also work to strengthen Post disaster governance capacity, including measures to ensure the reduction of future vulnerabilities. Our work in local development includes restoration of infrastructure and employment generation.
Pakistan's Vulnerability Profile
Pakistan is highly vulnerable to natural hazards such as cyclones, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and droughts. Retrospectively, the floods of 1950, 1988, 1992 and 1998 resulted in a large number of loss of lives and property.
The Kashmir earthquake (2005), cyclone Phet (2010), and three successive years of floods since 2010 highlight the increasing frequency and severity of disasters which Pakistan has experienced in the last decade.
In October 2005, a major earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale hit nine districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, and Kashmir, killing over 73,000 people which included 18,000 children and damaged/destroyed approximately 450,000 houses.
The 2010 floods affected nearly 20 million people and the direct damage was estimated to be US$6.5 billion, the costliest disaster ever experienced in country’s history.
Post Floods Early Recovery
UNDP played an important role in responding to the rapidly changing needs of people affected by multiple and recurring crises, including floods, militancy, and drought. We effectively leveraged links with international partners and donors to mobilize resources and deliver early recovery programs in the affected areas, including in remote parts of the country with security challenges. These investments helped to achieve visible transformational changes in the lives of communities affected by disasters and to build resilience and capacities of community institutions and local governments to cope with recurring disasters.