Pakistan signed the UN Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) on 6 December 2001 and ratified it on 14 April 2008. A National Implementation Plan for compliance was submitted on 16 July 2010.
During Pakistan’s green revolution in the 1950s chemical pesticides were widely promoted and used without clear understanding of the impact of POPs. Although laws related to the storage, transportation and application of chemical pesticides were passed in 1971 and 1973, poor governance and a lack of implementation mechanisms have rendered them ineffective.
At present, expired, obsolete and POP-contaminated pesticides are secretly sold in the market. They are even widely used as household pesticides with new labels.
The Government of Pakistan seeks to swiftly establish a sound POP management system. To this end, it is improving existing policy and regulatory systems under the National Implementation Plan for POPs, and strengthening enforcement, monitoring and compliance.
This initiative of UNDP and the Global Environmental Facility seeks to safeguard the disposal of large amounts of POP pesticides and prevent their release into the environment due to improper storage and the climatic conditions. The project is upgrading the safety standards of reclamation centres for the disposal of equipment and oil with PCB (a highly toxic POP) which will prevent the exposure of workers and the release of PCB into the environment.
This project proposes a series of activities to strengthen the existing legal and regulatory framework for POP management and help ensure that communities, government departments and other stakeholders have the technical, enforcement and monitoring capacity required.
This project aims to reduce risks to human health and the environment by enhancing management capacities and disposal of POPs through:
- The development and implementation of a regulatory, policy and enforcement system to reduce POP releases and to regulate POP waste disposal.
- Capacity building to reduce exposure to and release of POPs.
- Collection, transport and disposal of 300 tons of PCB and 1,200 tons of POPS pesticides.
- A regulatory, policy and enforcement system to reduce POP release is in place.
- Local communities and stakeholders in the public and private sectors (30 institutes and 50 communities) reduce exposure to and releases of POPs.
- Collection, transport and disposal of PCB and POP pesticides is improved.
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