Sustainable Land Management Programme to Combat Desertification in Pakistan (SLM) - Phase II

Project Summary:

Land is a scarce resource in Pakistan where 80 percent of the land is arid or semi-arid. The majority of the rapidly growing population depends on dry lands to support their livelihoods through agro-pastoral activities.

Unsustainable land management practices and increased demand for natural resources are the main causes of land degradation and desertification. Other causes include deforestation, overgrazing, drought and floods. Unless unsustainable practices are addressed, land degradation will continue at an accelerated pace with adverse impacts on the structural and functional integrity of ecosystems, biodiversity and people’s livelihoods.

One solution to this problem is sustainable land management (SLM), the use of land resources such as soil, water, animals and plants for the production of goods, to meet changing human needs, while ensuring the long-term productive capacity of these resources and maintenance of their functions within the natural environment.

The SLM programme (Phase I) paved the way towards using a long-term programmatic and results-based approach to combatting desertification and land degradation over entire landscapes in Pakistan. In Phase II, this is being scaled up to ensure sustainable management of land and natural resources in arid and semi-arid regions so that ecosystem functionality and critical ecosystem services are enhanced.



Project start date:

April 2015

Estimated end date:

December 2020

Focus area:

  • accelerate structural transformations
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Pakistan

    Implementing partner:

    PAK-Ministry of Climate Change

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2019 $201,344

    2018 $919,963

    2017 $918,803

    2016 $726,471

    2015 $173,996


    This project will assist the Government of Pakistan to achieve its long-term goal, “to combat land degradation and desertification in Pakistan”. It aims:

    • To enable policies and institutional mechanisms for SLM to be put in place at federal and provincial levels.
    • To enhance skills to scale up SLM through an institutionalized, multi-tiered capacity-building programme.
    • To scale up SLM practices through effective knowledge management.
    • To develop participatory GIS-based district and village land use plans.
    • To develop a climate-resilient SLM decision support system.
    • To mobilize local communities for scaling up SLM activities.
    • To improve water conservation and on-farm practices.
    • To provide new livelihood opportunities through improved ecosystems opportunities.

    Expected results:

    • A strong enabling environment is built at provincial and local levels that support the scaling up of SLM practices.
    • An effective, targeted, and adaptive SLM land use planning and decision support system is established.
    • Climate-resilient SLM activities are implemented on the ground, including integrated soil and water management, restoring rangeland productivity, improving dry land/desert ecosystem, etc.

    Download the PROJECT BRIEF

    UNDP Around the world

    You are at UNDP Pakistan 
    Go to UNDP Global