UNDP launched its third Pakistan National Human Development Report, entitled ‘The three Ps of inequality: Power, People, and Policy’, authored by Dr. Hafiz Pasha.
The report highlights why studying inequality is important for Pakistan, and how this issue has affected the country’s economic and social progress. It discusses how, despite the Constitution of Pakistan upholding equality and despite global commitments such as the Sustainable Development Goals, there appear to be two different Pakistans – one for the rich, with access to the best avenues and opportunities, and one for the poor, who have a narrow pool of choices.
The NHDR 2020 follows UNDP’s global Human Development Report (HDR) of 2020, entitled ‘The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene’, which highlights how people who have more are able to better capture the benefits of nature and export the costs onto those who have less. To this end, the HDR aims to dismantle ‘the gross imbalances of power and opportunity that prevent change’ in the world today. Pakistan’s NHDR 2020 has similar goals, looking at power differentials through a socioeconomic perspective rather than a purely environmental one.
In doing this, the report outlines its framework of the three drivers of inequality in Pakistan: Power, People, and Policy. It shows how these drivers interact to create myriad inequalities in the country; some overt and structural, others subtle and social.
The NHDR 2020’s reform agenda for tackling inequality provides a sustainable blueprint for the creation of equal opportunities nationwide. However, inequality alleviation must begin immediately if Pakistan hopes to compete with its global partners in the race to attain equality in opportunities, capabilities, and outcomes.
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The year 2020 posed challenges unlike any the world has experienced before. These ranged from the direct impacts of the deadly coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic which are overwhelming health care systems, to enforced changes in ways of working, to the economic impacts on large parts of the global and national economy, including major job losses and increased poverty. More than one year into the pandemic, the impacts have been devastating for Pakistan’s most vulnerable people, and concerted, focused and persistent efforts are needed to overcome setbacks and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
UNDP is a key partner of the Government of Pakistan in the response to COVID-19 . In the early phases of the pandemic, we collaborated with our sister agencies in the United Nations to Read more. . .
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UNDP is working with the Government of Pakistan, civil society, national partners and the people of Pakistan to help find solutions to persistent development challenges.
We work to build lasting institutional capacity, provide technical expertise to improve development outcomes, and help link the Government and people of Pakistan to innovative global solutions in areas such as improved data quality and collection, better environmental management, climate change finance and adaptation, strong and accountable governance mechanisms and capacities to respond effectively to conflict and disasters.
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