Support to the National Response to contain the impact of COVID-19

Situational Analysis

Pakistan has witnessed a massive increase in its confirmed cases from the initial two confirmed on 26th February 2020 to 50,582 and 1,067 deaths (as of 22 May, 2020 - 09:15am Source: http://covid.gov.pk/). The pandemic is likely to take a heavy toll on the public health system, also resulting in loss of human lives. In addition to the risk imposed by the virus to human lives, there is also an imminent risk to the social and economic lives of people.

The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to regress some of the gains Pakistan has made in poverty reduction. The pandemic is projected to impact real economic growth, affect the government’s fiscal position and lower private investment, both foreign and domestic. It is also likely to reduce the real GDP growth primarily through a slowdown in the services and manufacturing sectors. Severe repercussions on livelihoods especially of the most vulnerable are expected. Considering that the informal sector in the country accounts for a major share of the national economy and employs 27.3 million individuals, it is reasonable to anticipate an increase in un(der)employment and poverty. The agriculture sector may also be impacted in the case that transportation and logistical support is disrupted. COVID-19 is expected to have implications on food production and overall food security. The pandemic also severely affects the smooth delivery of rule of law and justice sector institutions, e.g. police, prisons, judiciary and prosecution.

 

UNDP’s response to COVID-19 in Pakistan

UNDP’s response to COVID-19 is anchored on 2 streams, namely, supporting the health response efforts to prevent the spread of the pandemic, and mitigating the socio-economic impact of the pandemic on the most vulnerable people and groups.

 

[1]     As of 22 May, 2020 - 09:15am Source: http://covid.gov.pk/
[2]     The figure ranges from 18.2% to 71% based on different analysis

 

Crisis Prevention and Recovery Unit’s response to COVID-19

The ongoing pandemic is posing severe economic and social challenges for the country. Under these circumstances, the goal of Crisis Prevention and Recovery Unit (CPRU) is to increase the resilience of the communities most vulnerable to COVID-19, mitigate the socioeconomic impact, and prevent conflict from arising through early recovery.

 

Environment and Climate Change Unit’s response to COVID -19

Along with the pandemic, Pakistan is susceptible to climate change related disasters. These disasters, exacerbated by climate change, add to the existing vulnerabilities. The goal of Environment and Climate Change Unit (ECCU) is to integrate climate resilient and environmentally sustainable policies into development plans and programmes.   

 

Development Policy Unit’s response to COVID -19

The Development Policy Unit (DPU) strengthens policy works on development issues in Pakistan. DPU is responding to COVID-19 through policy research, by providing evidence-based policy advice to national counterparts and facilitating solutions. 

 

Democratic Governance Unit’s response to COVID-19

The Democratic Governance Unit (DGU) is responding to COVID-19 by providing support in building effective and capable governance institutions at federal, provincial and district levels.

 

Innovation Acc-Lab’s response to COVID-19

Innovation-AccLab is a dedicated learning space at UNDP, created to re-imagine new ways of working. The AccLab is building a portfolio on COVID-19 to nurture experimentation and accelerate development programming. 

 

Financial Resources

 

UNDP Pakistan is looking into re-prioritizing and re-programming its regular resources for COVID-19 response related work and is negotiating the same for some of its ongoing projects with existing partners. UNDP is seeking to mobilize an additional funding for its response and support program for recovery.

Areas of Intervention

Budget

Resources allocated

Resources to be mobilized

Crisis Management support

$250,000

$250,000

 

Socio-economic Impact Assessment and Response

$17,180,000

$430,000

$16,750,000

Health System Support

$1,975,000

$315,000

$1,660,000

Total

$19,405,000

$995,000

$18,410,000

 

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